WAEC 2024 Office Practice Essay & Obj Answers

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WAEC Office Practice | Office Practice RUNS | Office Practice QUESTIONS & ANSWERS | 2024 Office Practice ANSWERS | LEGIT Office Practice ANSWERS | HOW TO PASS WAEC Office Practice | Office Practice ESSAY | Office Practice 2024 OBJ




(1a) The type of meeting that Mr. Alfred called is a grievance meeting. This is evident from the fact that the workers had complaints about their salaries and Mr. Alfred summoned the meeting to address these grievances.

(1b) Miss Bukky Josephine played the role of taking the minutes of the meeting. She was asked by Mr. Alfred, the managing director, to document the discussions and decisions made during the meeting.

(i) The kind of committee headed by Mr. Brown is an investigative committee. This committee is tasked with looking into the incident of office equipment destruction and advising management on how to prevent such incidents in the future.

(ii) Five parts of the report that Mr. Brown’s committee would submit could include:

1. Detailed description of the incident: The committee would provide a comprehensive account of what happened during the incident, including the extent of damage caused to office equipment.

2. Causes and contributing factors: The committee would analyze the reasons behind the incident, such as the dissatisfaction with salary reductions and the managing director’s actions during the meeting.

3. Recommendations for prevention: The committee would suggest measures and strategies to avoid similar incidents in the future, such as improving communication between management and workers, addressing salary issues, and handling grievances more effectively.

4. Personnel actions taken: The committee would outline the actions taken by management, such as retrenchment, transfers, and retention of workers, and evaluate whether these actions were in line with the company’s conditions of service.

5. Legal implications: The committee would assess the potential legal consequences of the management’s actions and the workers’ threats of legal action, providing recommendations on how to handle any legal challenges that may arise.

An open office is a layout design for workplaces that features a large, open space without the traditional barriers of cubicles, walls, or private offices. It emphasizes collaborative work and fosters a sense of transparency, accessibility, and communication among team members.

(i) Collaboration: The open layout encourages spontaneous interactions and promotes teamwork, making it easier for employees to collaborate on projects and share ideas.
(ii) Communication: With fewer physical barriers, communication flows more freely, allowing employees to quickly discuss issues, exchange feedback, and stay in touch with colleagues.
(iii) Flexibility: Open offices are versatile, accommodating different work styles and allowing for easy reconfiguration of space to meet changing needs.
(iv) Transparency: The openness of the office space promotes transparency, as managers and employees can see and be more aware of each other’s activities, fostering a sense of accountability and trust.
(v) Innovation: The collaborative nature of open offices enhances innovation by facilitating brainstorming sessions, knowledge sharing, and cross-departmental collaborations.
(vi) Employee well-being: Open offices often prioritize the well-being of employees by providing natural light, comfortable working areas, and spaces for relaxation and socialization, leading to increased job satisfaction and productivity.

(i) Efficiency: This leads to increased efficiency and productivity in performing tasks.
(ii) Compliance: They provide guidelines for handling sensitive information, maintaining confidentiality, and adhering to ethical standards.
(iii) Training and Onboarding: This ensures a smooth onboarding process and reduces the learning curve.
(iv) Risk Management: This reduces potential risks and liabilities for the organization.

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(i) File Cabinets
(ii) Filing Trays
(iii) Ring Binders
(iv) Hanging File Folders
(v) Index Cards l
(vi) Labeling Systems

(i) Internal Mail: Internal mail refers to the delivery of mail and documents within an organization
(ii) External Mail: External mail refers to the delivery of mail and packages to recipients outside of the organization.
(iii) Electronic Mail (Email): Email is a common method of communication and document delivery within organizations. It allows for instant and secure transmission of messages and attachments electronically.

(i) Document and Information Retrieval: Filing enables easy and quick access to important documents and information whenever needed.
(ii) Record-keeping and Compliance: Filing helps organizations maintain accurate and up-to-date records of their activities, transactions, and legal obligations.
(iii) Documentation of Processes and Procedures: Filing allows organizations to document processes, procedures, and work instructions.
(iv) Auditing and Accountability: Filing provides a basis for internal and external audits, allowing for the verification of records and transactions.

(i) Increased efficiency: Office equipment such as computers, printers, and scanners help streamline workflow processes, allowing tasks to be completed more quickly and efficiently.
(ii) Enhanced communication: Office equipment like telephones, email systems, and video conferencing tools facilitate communication both within the organization and with external stakeholders, improving collaboration and decision-making.
(iii) Improved organization: Equipment such as filing cabinets, label makers, and document management systems help keep information and resources organized, reducing clutter and making it easier to locate important documents.
(iv) Cost savings: While there is an initial investment in office equipment, over time, it can lead to cost savings through increased productivity, reduced reliance on manual processes, and better resource management.
(v) Professionalism: High-quality office equipment helps create a professional image for the company, instilling confidence in clients, customers, and business partners. Well-maintained equipment reflects positively on the organization’s reputation and credibility.
(vi) Flexibility and Adaptability: Modern office equipment is often versatile and adaptable to various tasks and environments. For example, multifunction printers can scan, copy, and print, providing flexibility to meet diverse office needs without requiring multiple devices.

(i) Board meetings: Board meetings are typically held by the board of directors to discuss and make decisions on matters related to the organization’s overall strategy, financial performance, governance, and major policies.
(ii) Staff meetings: Staff meetings are gatherings of employees within a department or across departments to discuss day-to-day operations, projects, goals, and challenges.
(iii) Management meetings: Management meetings involve senior executives and department heads discussing strategic initiatives, resource allocation, performance metrics, and operational issues.
(iv) Committee meetings: Committee meetings bring together individuals from different areas of the organization to work on specific projects, address particular issues, or oversee ongoing activities. Examples include finance committees, audit committees, and safety committees.

Filing is the systematic arrangement and storage of documents and records in a manner that facilitates easy retrieval and access when needed. It involves organizing documents according to a logical and standardized system, such as alphabetical, numerical, chronological, or subject-based order.

(i) Crossing a cheque adds a layer of security by making it payable only through a bank account and not in cash over the counter.
(ii) Crossing a cheque directs the payment to the bank account specified on the cheque, ensuring that the funds are deposited directly into the intended recipient’s account.
(iii) Crossing a cheque can serve as a form of verification, indicating that the cheque has been presented to a bank and should be processed through the banking system.
(iv) Crossing a cheque with two parallel lines makes it difficult to alter the payee or amount, reducing the risk of fraud and unauthorized changes to the cheque.

(i) Telephone directory: A telephone directory is a printed or electronic listing of telephone subscribers in a specific geographical area, organized alphabetically or numerically by name or telephone number.
(ii) Official gazette: An official gazette is a publication issued by a government or governmental agency containing official announcements, laws, regulations, and other legal notices.
(iii) Who’s Who: Who’s Who is a reference publication that contains biographical information about notable individuals, including their achievements, affiliations, and contributions to society.
(iv) Whitaker’s: Whitaker’s is a reference book published annually in the United Kingdom, containing information on government institutions, organizations, events, and statistical data.
(v) Airway codes: Airway codes are alphanumeric abbreviations used to identify airports and air travel routes in the aviation industry.

(i) Money order
(ii) Standing order
(iii) Promissory note
(iv) Bank draft
(v) Bill of exchange
(vi) Cash payment
(vii) Electronic funds transfer (EFT)

(i) Money Order: A money order is a prepaid payment instrument issued by a financial institution or postal service, providing a secure method of sending funds.
(ii) Standing Order: A standing order is an instruction given by a bank account holder to their bank, authorizing regular, fixed payments to be made to a specified recipient at predetermined intervals.
(iii) Promissory Note: A promissory note is a written promise made by one party to pay a specified amount of money to another party at a predetermined time or on demand, serving as evidence of a debt owed.
(iv) Bank Draft: A bank draft is a secure payment instrument issued by a bank on behalf of a customer, drawn directly on the bank’s funds rather than the customer’s account.
(v) Bill of Exchange: A bill of exchange is a written order issued by one party to another, directing the drawee to pay a specified amount of money to a third party at a specified time or on demand, facilitating trade and commerce.
(vi) Cash payment: Cash payment involves the physical exchange of currency notes and coins as a medium of exchange for goods or services.
(vii) Electronic funds transfer (EFT): Electronic funds transfer (EFT) involves the electronic transfer of funds from one bank account to another, typically initiated through online banking, mobile banking, or electronic payment systems.

(i) Mail sorting shelves/racks: Mail sorting shelves or racks provide designated spaces for organizing incoming and outgoing mail based on departments, recipients, or priority levels. This equipment helps the mail clerk efficiently sort and distribute mail to the appropriate recipients.
(ii) Mail carts/trolleys: Mail carts or trolleys are wheeled carts used for transporting large volumes of mail and packages within the office premises.
(iii) Label printers: Label printers are used to print address labels and postage labels for outgoing mail and packages.
(iv) Package weighing scales: Package weighing scales are used to accurately weigh incoming and outgoing packages to determine postage costs and shipping fees.

(7a) An imprest system is a method of managing petty cash funds in which a fixed amount of money is provided to an individual or department for small, routine expenses. The individual or department is responsible for maintaining records and receipts of the expenses and replenishing the fund when it runs low.

When planning the office layout for the new office in Calabar, there are several factors that should be considered:

(i) Space availability: The size and shape of the office space will influence the layout options. It’s important to ensure that there is enough space to accommodate all necessary equipment, furniture, and employees comfortably.

(ii) Workflow and communication: Consider how different departments or teams will need to interact and collaborate with each other. Placing related departments or teams closer together can improve communication and efficiency.

(iii) Ergonomics and comfort: Design the office layout in a way that promotes employee well-being and productivity. Consider factors such as proper lighting, comfortable seating, and ergonomic workstations.

(iv) Future growth and flexibility: Anticipate future needs and growth of the company. Plan the office layout in a way that allows for easy expansion or reconfiguration if needed.

(7c) Five benefits of communication to an organization are:

(i) Improved productivity: Effective communication ensures that information flows smoothly within the organization, enabling employees to understand their roles and responsibilities clearly. This clarity leads to increased productivity as employees can work efficiently towards achieving organizational goals.

(ii) Enhanced teamwork: Communication fosters collaboration and cooperation among team members. When individuals can effectively communicate their ideas, concerns, and feedback, it promotes a positive working environment and strengthens teamwork. This, in turn, leads to better problem-solving, innovation, and overall performance.

(iii) Increased employee engagement: Open and transparent communication channels create a sense of trust and inclusion among employees. When employees feel valued and informed about the organization’s goals, strategies, and decisions, they are more likely to be engaged and motivated in their work.

(iv) Better decision-making: Effective communication ensures that relevant information is shared promptly and accurately. This enables managers and leaders to make well-informed decisions based on reliable data and insights. Additionally, open communication encourages employees at all levels to contribute their ideas and perspectives, leading to more comprehensive decision-making processes.

(v) Stronger customer relationships: Communication plays a crucial role in building and maintaining strong relationships with customers. Clear and effective communication helps organizations understand customer needs, address their concerns, and provide excellent customer service. By actively listening to customer feedback and communicating effectively, organizations can build trust, loyalty, and long-term relationships with their customers.

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