2023 WAEC GCE English Language Essay, Obj & Test Of Orals Answers

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Ladies and gentlemen, esteemed judges, and fellow debaters, I stand before you today to argue in favor of the motion that “Carelessness is the main cause of accidents on our roads.” In an era where road safety is of paramount importance, it is crucial to recognize the pivotal role that human behavior, particularly carelessness, plays in the alarming statistics of road accidents.

Firstly, let us acknowledge the undeniable impact of distracted driving, a prevalent manifestation of carelessness on our roads. With the proliferation of smartphones and other electronic devices, drivers often succumb to the temptation of texting, calling, or engaging in other distracting activities while behind the wheel. This diversion of attention from the road significantly increases the likelihood of accidents. Studies consistently show that texting drivers are six times more likely to be involved in a crash than those focused solely on driving.

Moreover, carelessness extends beyond just distractions. Reckless driving behaviors, such as speeding and aggressive driving, contribute significantly to the rising road accident rates. When drivers disregard speed limits and fail to adjust their speed to road conditions, they compromise not only their safety but also the safety of others sharing the road. Carelessness, in this context, becomes a potent catalyst for collisions and fatal accidents.

Another facet of carelessness is the failure to adhere to traffic rules and regulations. Running red lights, ignoring stop signs, and overtaking in no-passing zones are all examples of how individuals exhibit a lack of regard for established road norms. These actions disrupt the flow of traffic, create confusion, and inevitably lead to accidents. It is essential to emphasize that these behaviors are not accidental but stem from a careless attitude towards the well-defined rules that govern our roads.

Importantly, carelessness is not confined to individual drivers alone; it extends to the maintenance of vehicles. Neglecting routine maintenance, driving with worn-out tires, or overlooking brake issues are all instances of carelessness that can result in catastrophic accidents. A well-maintained vehicle is not only essential for the driver’s safety but also for the safety of other road users.

In conclusion, the evidence is overwhelming – carelessness is undeniably the main cause of accidents on our roads. Whether it manifests as distracted driving, reckless behavior, or a disregard for traffic rules, the consequences are dire. As responsible citizens, it is our duty to address this issue collectively. We must advocate for stricter enforcement of traffic laws, invest in public awareness campaigns, and promote a culture of responsible driving. Only through a concerted effort to combat carelessness can we hope to create roads that are safer for everyone.





2 Okeke Ukatu Street,
Asata, Enugu.
12th December, 2023.

Dear Oge,
I hope this letter finds you in the best of health and spirits. I am overjoyed to hear of your decision to return home after successfully completing your studies overseas. Congratulations on this significant achievement! Your determination, hard work, and resilience have truly paid off, and I cannot express how proud I am of you.
As you prepare to return to Nigeria, I wanted to share some updates on the major changes that have taken place in our beloved country since your departure. Nigeria, like any dynamic nation, has experienced both challenges and triumphs, and it’s essential to keep you informed about the current state of affairs.
Firstly, there have been notable improvements in infrastructure development. The government has initiated various projects aimed at enhancing road networks, renovating existing facilities, and investing in the energy sector. While there is still work to be done, these initiatives reflect a positive step towards creating a more conducive environment for businesses and the general populace.
Economically, Nigeria has witnessed some fluctuations, as is typical in the global economic landscape. Efforts have been made to diversify the economy beyond oil dependence, with a focus on sectors such as agriculture, technology, and manufacturing. The entrepreneurial spirit is thriving, and there is a growing emphasis on innovation and creativity.

In terms of technology, the country has seen significant advancements. The use of mobile phones and the internet has become pervasive, transforming various aspects of daily life. E-commerce platforms have gained popularity, making it easier for people to access goods and services. Additionally, initiatives in the tech industry are fostering a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship.
The social and cultural scene in Nigeria has continued to flourish. The arts, music, and film industries are thriving, gaining international recognition for their creativity and talent. There is a palpable sense of pride in our cultural heritage, and various events and festivals celebrate the diversity that defines us as Nigerians.
While these positive developments are encouraging, it is important to acknowledge the existing challenges. Issues such as security concerns, infrastructural deficits, and healthcare disparities persist. However, efforts are being made to address these challenges, and there is a collective determination among Nigerians to overcome obstacles and build a brighter future.
As you plan your return, know that you are coming back to a Nigeria that is evolving, with a mix of challenges and opportunities. Your experiences abroad and the knowledge you have gained will undoubtedly contribute to the growth and development of our country.
I look forward to welcoming you home and sharing in the next chapter of our lives together. Safe travels, and may your journey be filled with joy and anticipation.

Yours lovely,


A Leap of Faith

Life is a tapestry of experiences, woven together to shape who we become. One particular experience stands out in my memory, like a vivid brushstroke on the canvas of my life. It was an encounter that altered the course of my existence, pushing me beyond my comfort zone and propelling me towards personal growth.

The summer after high school, I had the opportunity to participate in a volunteer program abroad. It was a chance to embark on a unique adventure and make a difference in the lives of others. Little did I know that this journey would deeply impact my own life as well.

Leaving the familiarity of home, I found myself in a small village nestled amidst the lush landscapes of a remote country. The sights, sounds, and smells were overwhelming, immersing me in a world so different from my own. Initially, I felt an overwhelming pang of apprehension, doubting my ability to navigate this unfamiliar territory.

As days turned into weeks, I started to develop bonds with the locals. Their simple way of life and genuine warmth taught me valuable lessons about gratitude, resilience, and the strength of the human spirit. Their struggles and triumphs in the face of adversity sparked a fire within me, igniting a newfound passion for making a tangible difference in the world.

During my time there, I worked closely with children who lacked access to proper education. Witnessing their hunger for knowledge and their unwavering determination to overcome obstacles left an indelible mark on my heart. I found myself pouring every ounce of my energy into teaching, nurturing, and empowering these young minds.

It was in the whirlwind of those moments, as I witnessed the spark of understanding in their eyes, that I realized the immense power of education. I realized that the path I had chosen – to pursue a degree in education – was indeed my true calling. The experience in that remote village had transformed me, shaping my purpose and direction in life.

Returning home, I continued my studies with newfound vigor and determination. I was no longer content with merely going through the motions of education. I deeply believed in the transformative power that education held, not only for individuals but also for the emancipation of entire communities.

In pursuit of my passion, I actively sought opportunities to work with underserved communities, using education as a catalyst for change. This decision led me down a path filled with challenges, but also immense personal fulfillment. It hasn’t always been easy, but I am empowered by the profound impact I have been able to make on the lives of numerous individuals.

The experience in that remote village became the catalyst that shifted the trajectory of my life. It was a reminder that stepping outside our comfort zones and embracing the unknown can lead to incredible personal growth. I discovered the strength within myself to follow my passions and dedicate my life to the service of others.

Life is a collection of defining moments, and this particular experience continues to shape who I am today. It serves as a constant reminder that sometimes the most transformative experiences are the ones that push us past the boundaries of what we believe to be possible. It was an experience that altered the course of my life, guiding me towards a path of purpose and fulfillment.



In the dynamic realm of the entertainment industry, music videos have become a powerful and pervasive medium, shaping cultural narratives and influencing societal norms. However, with this influence comes the responsibility to ensure that the content disseminated aligns with the values and sensibilities of a diverse audience. In light of this, it is imperative for the government to take a proactive role in censoring music videos to safeguard public morals and maintain a harmonious social fabric.

One primary concern that necessitates government intervention is the explicit and often gratuitous content prevalent in many music videos. The unrestricted depiction of violence, sexual content, and substance abuse can have a profound impact, especially on the younger generation. These visuals, easily accessible through various media platforms, can contribute to desensitizing individuals to inappropriate behavior and eroding societal values. Government censorship serves as a crucial tool to filter out content that may have adverse effects on the impressionable minds of our youth.

Moreover, music videos possess a unique ability to shape cultural perceptions and norms. Artists hold a significant influence over their audience, and their creations can inadvertently glorify harmful behaviors or perpetuate stereotypes. Government intervention in censoring music videos becomes essential to counteract the potential normalization of destructive conduct and to ensure that the content disseminated aligns with the principles of a progressive and inclusive society.

Critics of government censorship often argue that it infringes upon artistic freedom and expression. While artistic freedom is undoubtedly a cornerstone of a vibrant society, it is equally important to strike a balance that protects the public interest. Government censorship does not seek to stifle creativity but rather to encourage responsible artistic expression that considers the diverse tapestry of our society.

Furthermore, censorship can serve as a mechanism to address issues of cultural sensitivity and respect for diverse communities. Music videos have the power to perpetuate harmful stereotypes and offend certain groups, leading to social discord. Government oversight ensures that content creators adhere to guidelines that promote cultural understanding and prevent the dissemination of material that may incite division or discrimination.

In conclusion, the need for government censorship of music videos is grounded in the responsibility to safeguard public morals, protect the vulnerable, and maintain social cohesion. By implementing a thoughtful and transparent censorship framework, governments can strike a balance between preserving artistic freedom and upholding the values that define a civilized society. It is a proactive step toward fostering an entertainment landscape that not only entertains but also contributes positively to the cultural fabric of our nation.
thank you


14, Nelson Mandela,
Crown Estate, Lekki
Peninsula, Lagos.
December 9, 2023.

The Chairman,
Eti-Osa Local Government Area,
Primary Health Centre,
52 Lekki Epe Expressway,
Ajah, Lagos.

Urgent Attention Required on Appalling Sanitary Conditions and Preventing Outbreaks of Communicable Diseases

Dear Sir,

I am writing to express my deep concern regarding the deteriorating sanitary conditions in our community. It has come to my attention that our community’s sanitation situation is becoming increasingly alarming, and there are fears of a potential outbreak of communicable diseases. As a concerned citizen, I am compelled to bring this issue to your attention and suggest possible ways to address and resolve it.

Firstly, one of the main issues is the improper waste management in our community. The lack of adequate waste collection services and the absence of designated dumping sites have resulted in garbage being dumped indiscriminately in public spaces and water bodies. This poses a serious threat to public health as it attracts vermin, breeds diseases, and pollutes our environment. I humbly request that immediate steps be taken to establish a proper waste management system, including regular garbage collection and the establishment of waste disposal sites.

Furthermore, our community lacks public toilets, which is a significant concern. The lack of adequate sanitation facilities poses health risks and forces individuals to resort to open defecation. This not only diminishes the dignity of our residents but also contributes to the spread of diseases. I implore you to consider constructing public toilets in strategic locations within our community, ensuring that hygiene and cleanliness are maintained regularly.

Additionally, creating awareness and promoting proper hygiene practices are crucial in preventing the outbreak of communicable diseases. I recommend organizing regular health and hygiene workshops in collaboration with local health authorities and non-governmental organizations. These workshops can educate our community members about the importance of handwashing, proper waste disposal and maintaining a clean environment. Furthermore, distributing educational pamphlets and organizing awareness campaigns will help foster a greater sense of responsibility among our residents toward their health and the well-being of the community.

In order to effectively address the aforementioned challenges, I suggest establishing a sanitation committee comprising local community leaders, health professionals, and environmental experts. This committee can work closely with your office and other concerned stakeholders to develop and implement sustainable solutions for improving the sanitary conditions in our community.

It is my humble request that you give serious consideration to these suggestions and take immediate action to address the pressing sanitation issues in our community. By doing so, we can ensure a healthy and disease-free environment for all residents. I am confident that with your leadership and commitment, we can overcome these challenges and create a clean, hygienic, and safe living environment.

Thank you for your attention to this matter. I look forward to seeing positive changes and improvements in the sanitary condition of our community.

Yours faithfully,
Yusuf Odukoya.

Discipline is needed in human interactions to ensure that our lives are regulated and to maintain harmony in society.

To win, an athlete needs to have excellent skills, but more importantly, they need to be disciplined enough to use those skills successfully and follow the rules of the sport.

Human beings are social creatures because we are designed to live in society and depend on one another. Living in a community allows us to thrive and fulfill our needs.

By exercising self-control, one ultimately gains the ability to respond appropriately to difficult situations and prevent harm to oneself and others.

Discipline can be acquired through effort and practice. It requires developing the willingness to comply with regulations and having self-control.


(i) Subordinate clause.
(ii) Its function is to provide additional information about the context in which discipline is required.

(i) Harmony – Accord
(ii) Chaos – Disorder
(iii) Control – Regulation
(iv) Excelling – Succeeding
(v) Breaching – Violating
(vi) Consequences – Results


– A good leader is able to communicate effectively and carry everyone along
– A good leader does the right thing always
– A good leader is a team player, allowing team members to contribute to every task
– A good leader rewards workers either in cash or kind and build a personal relationship with them
– A good leader is dedicated and focused on the task at hand
– A good leader is understanding and is able to strike a good balance between work and life

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