WAEC GCE 2023 Physical Education (Theory Of Practice) Answers

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(i) 110-meter hurdles (men)
(ii) 100-meter hurdles (women)
(iii) 400-meter hurdles (men and women)
(iv) 4×100-meterrelay hurdles (men and women)
(v) 3000-meter steeplechase (men and women)
(vi) Decathlon/Heptathlon (includes hurdle events)

(i) Athletes must clear each hurdle by jumping over it and not knocking it down.
(ii) If an athlete knocks down a hurdle, they may be disqualified or penalized with added time.
(iii) Athletes must stay within their assigned lanes for the entire race.
(iv) False starts can result in disqualification.
(v) Hurdles must be set at the correct height and spacing for each event.
(vi) The finish line is crossed when the athlete’s torso reaches the vertical plane of the finish line.

(i) Speed
(ii) Technique
(iii) Agility
(iv) Strength and power
(v) Endurance
(vi) Mental focus and determination
(vii) Strategy and race tactics

(i) Starting blocks
(ii) Timing systems
(iii) Track spikes
(iv) Track hurdles

(i) Starter
(ii) Referee
(iii) Field judges
(iv) Finish line judge

(i) Lead arm – the arm that is closest to the hurdle when an athlete is jumping over it. The lead arm should be extended forward to help with balance and clearance of the hurdle.

(ii) Trail leg – the leg that is trailing behind the lead leg during the hurdle jump. The trail leg should be raised high and swung forward to clear the hurdle efficiently, while the lead leg drives forward to push off.



(i) Shooting
(ii) Defending
(iii) Rebounding
(iv) Passing
(v) Stealing

(i) Referee
(ii) Umpire
(iii) Scorekeeper
(iv) Timekeeper

(i) Free throw: In basketball, a free throw is a scoring opportunity given to a player after they have been fouled by an opponent. The player gets to shoot from the free throw line, which is 15 feet away from the basket. They have to take the shot without any defensive players trying to block it.

(ii) Court player: A court player in basketball refers to any player who is actively participating in the game on the court. This term is used to distinguish the players who are on the playing surface from those who may be on the bench or not currently in the game.

(iii) Referee’s throw: It refer to a situation where the referee has to make a throw-in to resume play. This typically happens when both teams simultaneously touch the ball, and it becomes unclear who should be awarded possession. In this case, the referee will make a throw-in from the sideline or baseline to determine which team gains possession. Players from each team often jump for the ball to try to secure possession after the referee’s throw. This situation is also sometimes called a “referee’s toss-up.”

(i) The game illustrated in the diagram is tennis.
(ii) The skill being executed by the player is the serve.

(i)Forehand stroke
(ii)Backhand stroke
(iii) Volley
(iv)Overhead smash
(v)Drop shot
(i) faulty serve
(ii) foot fault
(iii) double fault
(iv) out of bounds
(i)Tennis racket
(ii)Tennis balls
(iii)Tennis court
(v)Tennis shoes

(ii)Line judge
(i)Scored in points, games, and sets.
(ii)Can be played in singles or doubles format.

Lawn tennis


(i) Footwork and Court Movement
(ii) Volleys
(iii) Backhand Stroke
(iv) Forehand Stroke
(v) Strategy and Shot Selection

(i) Foot fault
(ii) Double fault

(i) Tennis racket
(ii) Tennis balls
(iii) Net and post
(iv) Tennis shoes
(v) Tennis court

(i) Line judges
(ii) Chair umpire

(i) Court Surface: Lawn tennis is typically played on various court surfaces, such as grass, clay, or hard court. Each surface affects the speed and bounce of the ball, adding an extra element of strategy to the game.

(ii) Scoring System: Lawn tennis uses a unique scoring system with terms like “love,” “15,” “30,” and “40.” Players must win points to progress through the game, with the ultimate goal of winning games, sets, and matches.



Air resistance and wind

(i) Double hit
(ii) Foot fault

(i) Service Let
(ii) Shuttlecock Hits the Net
(iii) Player Obstruction
(iv) Disturbance from Outside the Court
(v) Shuttlecock Damage

(i) Alley: In badminton, the alley refers to the area on the sides of the court that is used for doubles play. It is the additional space beyond the singles sidelines. The alley is in play during doubles matches, and shots that land inside the alley are considered in bounds.

(ii) Smash: The smash is a powerful attacking shot in badminton. It is a forceful overhead shot where the player hits the shuttlecock downward with great speed and steep angle, aiming to make it difficult for the opponent to return. The smash is often used to score points or put pressure on the opponent.

(iii) Deuce: Deuce is a term used when the score is tied at 40-40 (or 40-all) in a game. In this situation, players must win two consecutive points to win the game instead of just one. It adds excitement and tension to the game as players battle to gain the advantage and win the game.

(i) Base line
(ii) Singles sideline
(iii) Doubles sidelines

21 points


(a) Pike Lift.

(b) Name given to one who performs the activity: Participant or Performer.

(i)Start in a plank position with your palms on the ground, arms straight, and your body forming a straight line.
(ii)Lift your hips towards the ceiling while keeping your legs straight, forming an inverted V shape.
(iii)Lower your hips back down towards the ground without letting them touch, maintaining control.
(iv) Repeat the lifting and lowering motion.


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