2023 WAEC Home Management Essays & Objective Answers

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(i) water-soluble vitamins
(ii) fat-soluble vitamins.


(a) vitamin C
(b) vitamin B complex

(a) vitamin A
(b) vitamin D

Thiamine – beriberi

Iron – anemia

Iodine – goiter

(i) Provide energy storage and insulation for the body.
(ii) Act as a source of essential fatty acids, which are important for regulating hormones, reducing inflammation, and maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails
(iii) Help the body absorb fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K.
(iv) Provide cushioning and protection for organs inside the body.
(v) Play a role in cell signaling, cell structure, and maintaining normal brain function.

(i) Safety: The cot should have slats that are no wider than 6 cm apart to prevent the baby from getting their head or limbs stuck
(ii) Size: The cot should be the appropriate size for the age and size of the baby
(iii) Mattress: The mattress should be firm, flat, and fit snugly into the cot to reduce the risk of suffocation.
(iv) Adjustability: The cot should have adjustable height levels to accommodate the growing baby and make it easier for parents to lift them in and out of the cot.
(v) Design and style: The cot should complement the decor of the nursery and be aesthetically pleasing
(vi) Material: The material used to make the cot should be non-toxic and safe for the baby.
(vii) Budget: The price of the cot should be within the budget range of the buyer

(i) Start by ensuring that the mattress fits snugly in the cot.
(ii) Next, place a fitted sheet over the mattress
(iii) Place a waterproof mattress protector beneath the fitted sheet.
(iv) Add blankets or a swaddle if needed.
(v) Finally, position the cot in a safe and appropriate location.

Entrepreneurship can be defined as the process of creating, developing, and running a new business venture with the aim of making a profit. It involves identifying opportunitiesin the market, assessing the viability of a business idea, organizing resources, managing risks, and taking calculated steps to start and grow a business

(i) Home cleaning and maintenance services: With increasing urbanization, people often struggle to maintain their homes due to their busy schedules.
(ii) Meal delivery and meal prep services: Many people struggle to find time to cook, and are looking for healthy and convenient meal options.
(iii) Home organization and storage solutions: As people accumulate more possessions, organizing and finding storage space can be a challenge.
(iv) Home decor and staging services: As the real estate market continues to grow, there is increasing demand for home staging and decorating services to showcase homes in their best light.

(i) Financial Independence: It allows you to earn your own income and build wealth over time.
(ii) Flexibility: This can provide a better work-life balance and allow you to pursue other passions or interests outside of work.
(iii) Creative Control: Starting a business gives you the opportunity to bring your own ideas to life and have complete creative control over the direction of your business.
(iv) Personal Growth: Running a business comes with its own set of challenges and obstacles.
(v) Job Creation: Starting a business can also create job opportunities for others in your community, contributing to the growth of the economy.
(vi) Tax Benefits: Business owners can take advantage of various tax benefits, including deductions for business expenses like rent, utilities, and supplies.
(vii) Pride of Ownership: Finally, starting a business can bring a sense of pride and accomplishment in building something from the ground up and seeing it succeed.

A home accident is an unexpected or unplanned event that results in harm, injury or damage within or around the home environment.

(i) Falls: These can happen from tripping, slipping, or losing balance on stairs or uneven surfaces, resulting in injuries to bones, muscles or head.
(ii) Poisoning: This occurs when harmful substances are ingested, inhaled or absorbed, causing illness, injury, or death.
(iii) Burns: These can occur from hot liquids, flames, or contact with hot surfaces and can cause severe injuries.
(iv) Cuts and bruises: These can happen from sharp objects like knives, scissors, the edges of appliances, or furniture.
(v) Suffocation and choking: These can occur from ingesting foreign particles or objects, or becoming entangled in materials like window blinds or curtains.
(vi) Electrical shock: This can be caused by broken or malfunctioning electrical appliances or outlets.
(vii) Drowning: This can happen in swimming pools, bathtubs, or even buckets of water, particularly for young children.

(i) Lack of attention or carelessness: This can cause individuals to overlook potential hazards, leading to accidents and injuries.
(ii) Poor maintenance: Broken or malfunctioning appliances, leaky roofs, and uneven and slippery surfaces can all contribute to accidents in the home.
(iii) Lack of supervision: Children and the elderly are particularly at risk of accidents from unsupervised activities.
(iv) Lack of knowledge or understanding: Failure to understand how to use household products, electrical devices, or appliances can increase the risk of accidents.
(v) Environmental factors: Factors such as poor lighting, clutter, and uneven floors or stairs can all contribute to accidents in the home.

(i) The needs of the family
(ii) Money available to the family
(iii) Household linen should be colour-fast
(iv) Towels should be soft and absorbent
(v) The size of the family

(i) Always air all the household linen properly
(ii) Small light articles like tea cloth napkins, place mats should be kept in drawers
(iii) Materials like muslins should be covered to prevent dirt
(iv) During washing, any stain on the linen should be removed before washing
(v) Always mend any torn linen immediately you noticed it before storage

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